COMPLETION of the Zimplats expansion project will see platinum output increase 12 percent to 430 koz but global refined supply is forecast to decrease by one percent to 5 970 koz. The latest quarterly report from the World Platinum Investment Council shows that Zimbabwe’s output is expected to grow on the completion of an expansion project mainly at Zimplats from 385koz last year.
Zimbabwe has three active platinum producers; Zimplats, Mimosa and Unki. The mines operated at full capacity in 2015.
Worldwide, WPIC is forecasting a deficit of 135 koz in 2016, a 1% contraction in refined production over the course of 2016. South African supply is predicted to fall by 2% over the year due to disruptions related to wage negotiations and safety stoppages.
However recycling supply is forecast to rebound by 14% in 2016, compared to the 15% contraction in 2015. Automotive demand is predicted to increase by 3% on the back of another year of light vehicle sales growth and higher loadings per vehicle while jewellery sales are expected to return to growth, up 1% in 2016, boosted by a recovery in China and strong demand growth in India, where the Evara Platinum programme continues to expand.
Zimbabwe supplies 6% of global refined production, the same as North America while South Africa is the largest at 73% followed by Russia at 12%. Figures from the Chamber of Mines show that that the value of platinum production fell 23% in 2015 at $381 million from $495 million. The platinum price declined by around 24% in 2015 to $1 053/oz.
Overall the global platinum market ended year 2015 in deficit by 380 koz (2014: 725 koz) with key drivers of the shortfall including:
2015 saw a 5% increase in automotive demand, reaching 3,455 koz, up from 3,290 koz in 2014 and 3,160 koz in 2013. Despite the impact of the Volkswagen diesel investigation, demand growth in 2015 was led by Western Europe vehicle sales growth, up 9% year-on- year, where the imposition of the new Euro 6 legislation also increased platinum loading per car. Automotive demand from India, also grew by 9%.
Global investment demand increased by 110 koz over the year (73%), with a global fall in ETF holdings eclipsed by a surge in demand for bars and coins, particularly in Japan which experienced record buying in the final quarter.
There was a 4% increase in industrial demand during 2015, buoyed by a 2% increase in chemical demand growth driven by North America, Western Europe and China. Greater global demand for oil refining and a swing from refinery reductions to net capacity expansion saw demand from the petroleum sector more than doubling (2014: 65 koz vs 2015: 160 koz).
Jewellery sales contracted by 4% over the year affected by a fall in Chinese demand. In contrast, demand for platinum in India surged by 26% on the back of strong bridal growth and increased sales of men’s jewellery.
Refined production grew by 24% over the year, led by a 41% increase in output from South Africa, where operations affected by the 2014 strikes returned to pre-strike levels and producer sales again exceeded refined production.
Global supply from recycled platinum fell by 15% over the year to 1,725 koz, as lower platinum group metals prices reduced the flow of scrap catalysts from collectors, while depressed steel prices reduced the scrapping of vehicles.
Above ground stock levels ended 2015 at 2,315 koz, down by 14% from 2,695 koz in 2014.
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